The Maldives this week became the 118th nation to ratify the Rome Statute. The Rome Statute is the founding document of the International Criminal Court and the countries that have ratified it subject their citizens to potential prosecution at the court for war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide, if the acts are not capable of being prosecuted in national jurisdictions.
The International Criminal Court, based in The Hague, The Netherlands, is funded by the nations which have ratified the treaty, called the Assembly of State’s Parties. Currently, all the situations before the court are in Africa. The court is prosecuting cases in Kenya, the Darfur region of Sudan, Central African Republic, Uganda, and The Democratic Republic of Congo.